The aim of breast augmentation is to produce full, soft, natural breasts that are in proportion to the rest of the body. Most women request breast augmentation if they have small breasts or if they have lost breast tissue after pregnancy or breastfeeding. Asymmetry in breast size may also be corrected when the difference is very noticeable.
Surgery to increase the size of a women’s breasts involves the placement of implants either beneath the breast tissue or beneath the muscles of the chest. The size of the breasts is determined by the individual patient.
Breast implant surgery is performed under a general anaesthetic and involves an overnight stay in hospital. Recovery from the breast implant surgery usually takes four weeks before resuming full activity.
Modern breast augmentation is usually highly successful in achieving a pleasing result. The problem of hardening of the breast implant is now very rare due to improvements in implant design. Equally, it is now generally accepted that silicone provides the best material for breast implants and does not cause collagen disorders or other problems.
However, it is important to note that breast implants do not last a lifetime and may have to be changed after a number of years.
Breast implant surgery results in a small scar under the breast or around the nipple. It is also possible to place the scar in the armpit.
Rarely, nipple sensation may be reduced as a result of breast implant surgery.
Patients requesting breast augmentation are seen on at least two occasions in order to talk through all the issues and choose the best size and approach. It is possible to talk to other women who have undergone the procedure and to see representative photographs of results. Written information and access to data on silicone issues is also provided.
Large and heavy breasts can result in a number of practical and physical problems. They may cause shoulder and back pain, and limit the ability to wear fashionable clothing and engage in sports. Of all procedures in aesthetic surgery, breast reduction has the highest level of patient satisfaction.
In order to achieve smaller attractive breasts, the breast reduction operation does leave scars, around the nipple and under the breast. These are not seen even when wearing a bikini or evening dress. They usually fade over a period of eighteen months after breast reduction operation but will always be visible to some extent. The breast reduction operation is now considered to be relatively minor and only requires an overnight stay in hospital.
Droopy empty breasts may result from weight loss or loss of breast tissue following breastfeeding. Mastopexy describes a surgical procedure to lift the breasts and restore a more youthful appearance. Sometimes the mastopexy procedure is combined with placing an implant under the breast to augment it. This is known as a mastopexy-augmentation.
A mastopexy procedure does involve scars on the breast. These may be around the nipple or under the breast.
If you want more information on breast reduction call us at 020 7636 4073 in London, UK.
Pregnancy, caesarean sections and weight loss can result in excess skin and fat on the abdomen, which cannot be rectified by exercise and diet.
Abdominoplasty, or tummy tuck, offers a range of procedures for specific problems. All of these (except for liposuction) result in a lower abdominal scar, which is placed in the bikini line. Sometimes, a scar is also produced around the umbilicus (belly button).
As well as removing extra fat and skin by Abdominoplasty, the procedure may include tightening of the abdominal muscles to flatten the abdomen after tummy tuck and recreate a waistline. Liposuction is frequently carried out as part of the operation.
Postoperatively, it is usually necessary to wear a corset support for a few weeks. Frequently, there may be some numbness of the skin of the lower abdomen, which can last for up to six months.
Liposuction is one of the commonest and most popular cosmetic procedures for removal of localised areas of fat. Liposuction Surgery should be thought of as a way of improving the contour and shape of the body rather than as an easy way of losing weight.
Liposuction surgery is not a treatment for obesity.
Liposuction procedures may often be performed under local anaesthetic as an outpatient although sometimes an overnight hospital stay is advised. Some bruising and swelling may occur and a close fitting surgical garment is worn for a few weeks postoperatively.
Over the past ten to fifteen years there has been a dramatic increase in the number of women seeking aesthetic surgery to change and improve the appearance of the labia. This is principally related to an enlargement of the labia minora. There are actually no agree or defined parameters for deciding what is or not normal regarding the relationship of the labia majora to the labia menora. However, there are a variety of reasons why many women feel uncomfortable or unhappy if their labia menora protrude to any significant extent beyond the margins of the labia majora. This can have some true symptoms including vulvo-vaginal hygiene, irritation of the skin, occasionally pain during sexual intercourse and pubic pain when wearing tight clothes. The labia minora may normally become larger with some morphological changes due to mechanical stretching of childbirth, injury and ageing.
There has been some concern that younger women wish to change the appearance of their labia in order to achieve a flatter vulvo-vaginal complex, which may be seen as portrayed in commercial adverts and pornography. There is, however, no real evidence that this is the case.
The general reality is that the majority of women are motivated to seek labiaplasty because they feel that their labia are not within a normal range of size, appearance and colour.
Labial Surgery In the past labial surgery was restricted to very simple removal of excess free edge of the labia minora. This operation, although successful, resulted in a large scar down the free edge of the labia which distorted the normal folded labial edge. There are now several options which are more sophisticated and retain the natural free edge with the normal with a more discreet and hidden scar. These techniques can be used in combination both to reduce the size of the labia minora and the clitoral hood, and sometimes even to unmask the clitoral hood.
The operation itself is generally carried out as a general anaesthetic day case. The labia may be temporarily swollen due to selling following the surgery but this is generally of short duration and normal activity can be resumed after a week. It may be necessary to abstain from sexual activity for a little longer. Any woman presenting for labiaplasty needs to have careful information regarding all of the potential options and a realistic discussion regarding expectations.
Gynecomastia is a form of breast reduction normally applied to men to reduce the effects of 'man boobs'.
The procedure usually involves some liposuction at the start which in many cases can be sufficient to achieve the desired effect, but in some cases incisions are required to allow access to the more stubborn tissues which may need to be removed. In most cases Gynecomastia is a day-case procedure but on occasion an overnight stay may be necessary.
In more severe cases some excess skin may need to be removed which will leave some scarring, which may vary according the amount of material that may need to be removed.